Should you clean your product during manufacturing?
If so, when and how?

Cleaning is essential for proper performance, optimal quality, and increased sales.

Inadequate cleaning of product elements can lead to catastrophic failure of the entire system and serious hazards to individuals and the general public.

Gain a competitive edge with proven cleaning and contamination-control strategies.

  • James Millar, Sales & Marketing Manager
    For its shear comprehensiveness and attention to technical detail, this publication must represent the most up-to-date and informed textbook of its type serving those involved in the perfection of surface cleaning in widespread industrial and scientific communities. I keep these volumes close to hand and find them extremely well-written and informative.  For those of us engaged in surface finishing and cleaning, no matter the industry type, this edition is an invaluable resource and will continue to be so for a long time.  
    James Millar, Sales & Marketing Manager
    Saint Gobain Surface Conditioning Group
  • Chris
    I was delighted to find the Critical Cleaning Handbook as I began lab and industrial projects involving surface cleaning.  I found the information to be comprehensive and easy to understand as well as widely applicable to various substrates – a rare find in this field!  The handbook supplied valuable information and theory to get started in the field.  The next step is experience and practice.  Thanks!
  • Anselm Kuhn, Galvanotechnik

    …a tour de force, a work written by experts who have worked at the interface between science and industry and who write from that basis, not from an ivory tower. The price of these two formidable volumes is not insignificant. But set against the cost of defective production, just for one hour’s downtime or components having to be re-worked or completely rejected, it is an investment that will pay for itself many times over. On that basis, one is more than happy to strongly recommend it.

    Anselm Kuhn, Galvanotechnik
  • Kate Hand

    Since its publication in 2000, “Handbook for Critical Cleaning” has been the Bible of cleaning within industrial processes, and fans will be thrilled to see this newly updated second edition.

    Kate Hand
    Gardner Publications
  • John Durkee, “Metal Finishing Magazine,”

    Any firm serious about managing its cleaning operations should have this book available to their staff responsible for that operation. It’s a strong contribution to the technical literature supporting industrial cleaning because of the diversity of its coverage and strengths of many chapters, … Every chapter is replete with references - something not provided with a Google (or other search engine) Internet search. As one who is finishing a book now, and facing the daunting task of editing it, I fully recognize the magnitude of the job done with more than 65 chapters by the authors. The book is remarkably free of commercial bias, given that most chapters were written by authors with a commercial interest.

    John Durkee, “Metal Finishing Magazine,”
  • Debra Kimless-Garber MD, Scott Garber MD

    “Mazel tov on your new edition!!! I really didn't know what to expect from a ‘cleaning’ book. So surprised- it is an incredible treasure trove of information!! It is really interesting, beautifully written and honestly I can't stop reading it. Thankfully it is two volumes so Scott and I don't have to fight over it. Really, it is the most fascinating technical book I've ever seen so it should fly off the shelves-or the Internet.” 

    Debra Kimless-Garber MD, Scott Garber MD
  • Dick Peterson, Discovery Services

    “Handbook for Critical Cleaning. Cleaning Agents and Systems” is especially useful to me. Even with my 25 years of experience selling cleaning agents, the information helps me to talk with more authority about my products. 

    Dick Peterson, Discovery Services
  • Dan Bloden
    Barbara and Edward Kanegsberg's Second Edition "Handbook for Critical Cleaning" (Cleaning Agents and Systems; Applications, Processes, and Controls) does an excellent job demonstrating how to maximize efficiency techniques in a production setting.  It precisely defines how to evaluate clean parts:  whether it be a white glove test or measuring intricate water contact angles.  20 year finishing experts and rookies alike will thoroughly enjoy these volumes.
    Dan Bloden

A decade after the bestselling original, the Handbook for Critical Cleaning, Second Edition helps manufacturers meet today’s challenges, providing practical information and perspective about cleaning chemistries, equipment, processes, and applications. With 90% new or revised chapters plus supplementary online material, the Handbook has grown into two comprehensive volumes, Cleaning Agents and Systems and Applications, Processes, and Controls.

Helping manufacturers become more efficient and productive, these books:

• Show how to increase profitability and meet both existing and expected product demand

• Clarify the sea of print and Internet information about cleaning chemistries and techniques

• Address challenges of performance, miniaturization and cost, as well as regulatory and supply chain pressures

• Offer clearly written guidance from the viewpoints of more than 70 leading industry contributors in technical, management, academic, and regulatory disciplines

Overview chapters by the editors, industry icons Barbara and Ed Kanegsberg, meld the different viewpoints and compile and critique the options. The result is a complete, cohesive, balanced perspective that helps manufacturers better select, implement, and maintain a quality, value-added cleaning process.

The first volume, Handbook for Critical Cleaning: Cleaning Agents and Systems gives manufacturers a practical understanding of the variety and functions of cleaning chemistries and cleaning, rinsing and drying equipment. Topics include aqueous, solvent, and “non-chemical” approaches. Readers can compare process costs, performance, and regulatory issues and then choose their best option.

Book 1: Handbook for Critical Cleaning: Cleaning Agents and Systems

Part I Cleaning Agents

1 Cleaning Agents: Overview Barbara Kanegsberg

2 Aqueous Cleaning Essentials Michael Beeks and David Keller

3 Cleaning Agent Chemistry JoAnn Quitmeyer

4 Solvents and Solubility John Burke

5 Hydrofluoroethers John G. Owens

6 Hydrofluorocarbons Joan E. Bartelt and Abid Merchant

7 n-Propyl Bromide John Dingess, Richard Morford, and Ronald L. Shubkin

8 Vapor Degreasing with Traditional Chlorinated Solvents Stephen P. Risotto

9 d-Limonene: A Safe and Versatile Naturally Occurring Alternative Solvent Ross Gustafson

10 Benzotrifluorides P. Daniel Skelly

Part II Cleaning Systems

11 Cleaning Equipment: Overview Barbara Kanegsberg

12 The Fundamental Theory and Application of Ultrasonics for Cleaning F. John Fuchs

13 Ultrasonic Cleaning Mechanism Sami B. Awad

14 Ultrasonic Cleaning with Two Frequencies K.R. Gopi and Sami B. Awad

15 Megasonic Cleaning Action Mark Beck

16 Snap, Crackle, or Pop: How Do Bubbles Sound? Mark Hodnett

17 Principles and Quantitative Measurements of Cavitation Lawrence Azar

18 Equipment Design Edward W. Lamm

19 From Laboratory Cleaning to Production Cleaning Ronald Baldwin

20 Cold and Heated Batch Solvent Cleaning Systems P. Daniel Skelly

21 Flushing: A Dynamic Learning Process in Soils, Chemistry, and Equipment Richard Petrulio

22 Solvent Vapor Degreasing: Minimizing Waste Streams Joe McChesney

23 Vapor Degreaser Retrofitting Arthur Gillman

24 Enclosed Cleaning Systems Don Gray and John Durkee

25 Organic Solvent Cleaning: Solvent and Vapor Phase Equipment Overview Wayne L. Mouser

26 Overview to “Nonchemical” Cleaning Ed Kanegsberg

27 Cleaning with Micro Sandblasters Jawn Swan

28 Cleaning with Carbon Dioxide Snow Robert Sherman

29 Cleaning with Dense-Phase CO2: Liquid CO2, Supercritical CO2, and CO2 Snow William M. Nelson

30 Gas Plasma: A Dry Process for Cleaning and Surface Treatment Kenneth Sautter and William Moffat

31 Superheated, High-Pressure Steam Vapor Cleaning Max Friedheim and Jose Gonzalez

32 Making Decisions about Water and Wastewater Processes John F. Russo

33 Overview of Drying: Drying after Solvent Cleaning and Fixturing Barbara Kanegsberg

34 Drying Daniel J. VanderPyl

35 Liquid Displacement Drying Techniques Phil Dale and Robert Polhamus

Glossary of Terms and Acronyms Index

The second volume, Handbook for Critical Cleaning: Applications, Processes, and Controls, addresses how to implement, validate, monitor, and maintain a critical cleaning process. Topics include cleanrooms, materials compatibility, worker safety, sustainability, and environmental constraints. The book shows readers how to draw from diverse disciplines - including aerospace, art conservation, electronics, food, life sciences, military, optics, and semiconductors - to achieve superior productivity.

Book 2: Handbook for Critical Cleaning: Applications, Processes, and Controls

Part I Process Implement and Control

1 Evaluating, Choosing, and Implementing the Process: How to Get Vendors to Work with You Barbara Kanegsberg

2 Cleaning Agent Balancing Act Barbara Kanegsberg

3 Blunders, Disasters, Horror Stories, and Mistakes You Can Avoid Arthur Gillman

4 Cleaning Practices and Pollution Prevention Mike Callahan

5 Basis of Design for Life Science Cleanroom Facilities Scott E. Mackler

6 Validating and Monitoring the Cleanroom Kevina O’Donoghue

7 Cleanroom Management, Validation of a Cleanroom Garment System, and Gowning Procedure Jan Eudy

8 Principles of Wiping and Cleaning Validation Karen F. Bonnell and Howard Siegerman

9 Overview to Analytical and Monitoring Techniques Ed Kanegsberg

10 Practical Aspects of Analyzing Surfaces Ben Schiefelbein

11 How Clean Is Clean? Measuring Surface Cleanliness and Defining Acceptable Levels of Cleanliness Mantosh K. Chawla

12 Cleaning Validations Using Extraction Techniques Kierstan Andrascik

13 Biomedical Applications: Testing Methods for Verifying Medical Device Cleanliness David E. Albert

14 Material Compatibility Eric Eichinger

Part II Applications

15 Clean Critically: An Overview of Cleaning Applications Barbara Kanegsberg

16 Cleaning Validation of Reusable Medical Devices: An Overview of Issues in Designing, Testing, and Labeling of Reusable Devices John J. Broad and David A.B. Smith

17 Critical Cleaning for Pharmaceutical Applications Paul Lopolito

18 Cleaning in the Food Processing Industry Hein A. Timmerman

19 Electronic Assembly Cleaning Process Considerations Mike Bixenman

20 Precision Cleaning in the Electronics Industry: Surfactant-Free Aqueous Chemistries Harald Wack

21 Contamination-Induced Failure of Electronic Assemblies Helmut Schweigart

22 Surface Cleaning: Particle Removal Ahmed A. Busnaina

23 Cleaning Processes for Semiconductor Wafer Manufacturing (Aluminum Interconnect) Shawn Sahbari, Mahmood Toofan, and John Chu

24 Advanced Cleaning Processes for Electronic Device Fabrication (Copper Interconnect and Particle Cleaning) Shawn Sahbari and Mahmood Toofan

25 The Cleaning of Paintings Richard C. Wolbers and Chris Stavroudis

26 Road Map for Cleaning Product Selection for Pollution Prevention Jason Marshall

27 Wax Removal in the Aerospace Industry Bill Breault, Jay Soma, and Christine Fouts

28 Implementation of Environmentally Preferable Cleaning Processes for Military Applications Wayne Ziegler and Tom Torres

Part III Safety and Regulations

29 Worker Protection and the Environment: Current Editorial Observations Barbara Kanegsberg

30 Health and Safety James L. Unmack

31 Critical Cleaning and Working with Regulators: From a Regulator’s Viewpoint Mohan Balagopalan

32 Momentum from the Phaseout of Ozone-Depleting Solvents Drives Continuous Environmental Improvement Stephen O. Andersen and Margaret Sheppard

33 Screening Techniques for Environmental Impact of Cleaning Agents Donald J. Wuebbles

Glossary of Terms and Acronyms Index